Herrick Restructuring Review

Recent Blog Posts

  • Congress May Consider Making $7.5 Million Debt Limit for Subchapter V Permanent: Should the Limit Be Increased? The introduction in 2020 of subchapter V for small business chapter 11 cases was the biggest structural reform in business bankruptcies since the enactment of the Bankruptcy Code in 1978. Subchapter V was enacted in 2019 as part of the Small Business Reorganization Act and became effective in February 2020.  It was originally limited to cases with $2,725,625 or less in debt, but when Congress passed the CARES Act in 2020 in response to the COVID pandemic, it increased the... More
  • SDNY Changes Its Judge Assignment Rules For Major Chapter 11 Cases  On November 22, 2021, the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York announced a modification to its judge-assignment scheme for “mega chapter 11 cases.” Under the new Local Bankruptcy Rule 1073-1(f), which took effect on December 1, 2021, mega chapter 11 cases will be randomly assigned among each of the district’s nine Bankruptcy judges irrespective of the courthouse in which the case is filed. A case will be considered a “mega” case if either the assets or liabilities... More
  • Debtors Beware: Congress Takes Aim At “Eve of Filing” Executive Compensation Some recent high profile restructuring debtors made multi-million dollar retention bonuses on the eve of bankruptcy filings. The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) took notice of these pre-petition payments and, in September 2021, published a report with data showing that debtors may be “working around the [Bankruptcy] Code’s restrictions” by paying bonuses prior to filing bankruptcy. The GAO Report recommends that Congress amend the Bankruptcy Code to “bring pre-bankruptcy bonuses under court oversight” and “specify factors the court should consider... More
  • Equitable Mootness Doctrine Will Continue to Generate Controversy After Supreme Court Declines to Hear Appeal on the Issue The Supreme Court declined to take up a case this month concerning the doctrine of equitable mootness, a topic that continues to rile bankruptcy courts and generate controversy amongst practitioners and scholars. The Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals recently described the doctrine as one that is “misleadingly” labeled, but which allows courts to dismiss an appeal from a bankruptcy court’s ruling because the appeal has been rendered moot due to “equitable, prudential, or pragmatic considerations.” In most situations, the appeal... More
  • What the Bankruptcy Venue Reform Act of 2021 Could Mean for Corporate Debtors On September 23, 2021, United States Senators Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) and John Cornyn (R-Texas) introduced the Bankruptcy Venue Reform Act of 2021 (the “Venue Reform Act”), which would tighten the Bankruptcy Code’s venue rules for corporate debtors. A corporate filer would be limited to the district containing its principal place of business or the district where its principal assets have been located for the preceding 180 days. For a public company, the location listed in its SEC filings would be its presumptive principal place of business. The Venue Reform Act is intended to eliminate forum shopping by corporate... More
  • Judge Spares Ex-CEO of Bankrupt KIT Digital from Additional Jail Time Federal district court judge Paul Gardephe recently spared Keleil Isaza Tuzman from additional jail time, despite Tuzman’s December 2017 convictions for securities and mail fraud, the latest twist in the long, strange saga of KIT Digital. Tuzman was the founder and former CEO of KIT Digital Inc., a publicly traded software startup that offered video management products, but which ended up bankrupt and is now called Piksel Inc. The US Attorney sought a prison term of 17.5-22 years for Tuzman. Tuzman,... More
  • Discharging Student Loan Debt: The ABA Takes a Stand The House of Delegates for the American Bar Association recently passed Resolution 512 urging Congress to amend the Bankruptcy Code to permit student loans to be discharged in bankruptcy without proving “undue hardship” as is currently required. The resolution was co-sponsored by the Young Lawyers Division, the Law Student Division and the Standing Committee on Paralegals. The Young Lawyers Division submitted a report in support of the resolution (the “YLD Report”) which discussed the history of student loans and borrowers’... More
  • Discharging Student Loan Debt – Private Loans Are Not Always Exempt Student loans are a big issue in the United States. According to the most recent data by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, there is currently $1.57 trillion in outstanding student debt, up from just $0.26 trillion 17 years ago.[1] Before the CARES Act suspended payments and interest accruals from August 2020-January 2022, student debt holders were also the most likely borrowers to be 90+ days delinquent, hovering around 11% from 2012 – 2019. Current bankruptcy law makes the... More
  • Paragon Offshore, plc: US Trustee Denied Quarterly Fees Based on Litigation Trust’s Payments to Its Beneficiaries The U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware recently denied the US Trustee’s motion to compel post-confirmation quarterly fees from Paragon Offshore, plc under 28 U.S.C. § 1930.[1] The court described the case’s facts as simple: Paragon (and some related entities) filed for Chapter 11 in early 2016. In June of 2017, its reorganization plan was approved. The plan established a litigation trust (the Paragon Litigation Trust) to pursue certain claims against third parties. The plan (and the litigation trust... More
  • Recovering a Fraudulent Transfer? A Slot Machine License Is No Safe Bet. Philadelphia Entertainment and Development Partners LP, the bankrupt limited partnership that did business as Foxwoods Casino Philadelphia (“Foxwoods”), will not be able to recover the $50 million it paid to the Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board for a slot machine license. Foxwoods planned to open a sizable slot machine facility in Philadelphia and paid for the license in 2007 before its location was final. Neighborhood opposition forced substantial delays and when Foxwoods missed a series of deadlines the Board revoked the... More